Evidenced-Based Intervention Approach to Addressing Early Childhood Education in Liberia: The Importance of Utilizing Family Systems Theory: Independent Study
Liberia is a small country located in West Africa that is bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire. The country has 15 counties and divided into 3 regions, North-Central, South-East and South-West. It includes up to 18 indigenous ethnic groups and descendants of Americo -Liberians, who are the founding fathers of the country in
Liberia is a small country located in West Africa that is bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire. The country has 15 counties and divided into 3 regions, North-Central, South-East and South-West. It includes up to 18 indigenous ethnic groups and descendants of Americo -Liberians, who are the founding fathers of the country in the 1820s and were under the auspices of the American Colonization Society (ACS). Liberia is an English-speaking country with a population estimated to be four-millions people. The youth make up over 50% of the population. Out of this group, 32% are without education while 31% of this population have had only primary education. The remaining 35.75% have had only secondary and tertiary education. (Education for All 2015 National Review, 2015). However, Early Childhood Education is not part of the free and compulsory education demanded by the Liberian Law. Liberia does not have a curriculum for early childhood education or teacher training for Early Childhood Education teachers and administrators. It is estimated that thousands of school-going children are out of school and the official pre-primary school age is higher in Liberia than in any of the other countries in the sub-region. Most of the students in primary school in Liberia are above the official primary school age. In addition, there is no standardized curriculum to demonstrate the difference between a primary school and non-primary school; and there is no training program for pre-primary schools’ teachers existing in the fifteen counties in Liberia. (Education Sector Snapshot, 2017). Therefore, it is important that Early Childhood Education is developed into a sustainable national education framework and be a compulsory education for children born and raised in Liberia. Liberia should embrace the core importance of early childhood education as a contributing factor to the growth of children’s development academically and brain development. Early Childhood Education has been proven to be important at every stage of a child’s life and it marks the child’s entry to formal Education and sets the foundation for future school experiences and performances (Kang, Horn & Palmer, 2017). Completed under the topic, “Implementing an Evidence-Based Intervention Approach to Addressing Early Childhood Education in Liberia: Importance of Utilizing Family Systems Theory”, this book will look at a brief history of Liberia Education Sector, History of Early Childhood Education, Interventions, Research, Policy, the role of Early Childhood Education, Theoretical Base, Family Systems, and the role of Social Workers. It will further take into consideration countries with success stories of Early Childhood Education, Curriculum, Professional Development Resources for Early Childhood Educators, and Recommendations to the government of Liberia through the Ministry of Education on the way forward in prioritizing the importance of Early Childhood Education as a compulsory educational program for the children of Liberia in this 21st century.